- Season: Perennial
- USDA Zones: 3 - 10
- Height: 24 - 36 inches
- Bloom Season: Late spring to late summer
- Bloom Color: Green
- Environment: Full sun to partial shade
- Soil Type: Nitrogen-rich, moist soils that drain well
- Temperature: 65F
- Average Germ Time: 10 - 14 days
- Light Required: Yes
- Depth: Surface sow seed and do not bury
- Sowing Rate: 7 - 10 seeds per plant
- Moisture: Keep seeds moist until germination
- Plant Spacing: 15 - 18 inches
Stinging Nettle (Urtica Dioica) - Stinging Nettle is found growing all across North America and especially in moist, forested soil. If you have experienced the pain of a Stinging Nettle plant, wisdom would tell you to avoid it. But, this perennial, often grown from herb seeds, is used as a medicinal herb, and it is used in the kitchen as well where cooking will remove the stinging effect of the leaves. It is considered to be more nutritious in iron than spinach. For the best flavor and nutrition, harvest only the top 4 - 5 inches of the Stinging Nettle plant. Harvest before the plant flowers.
Stinging Nettle herb plants have a long history as a medicinal herb. During medieval times it was used as a diuretic, to treat joint pain, and muscle pain. Today, Stinging Nettle root is used by some to treat urinary problems related to an enlarged prostate, and some use it for the relief of arthritis pain.
How To Grow Stinging Nettles From Herb Seeds: Stinging Nettle seeds are small, and they are easier to work with if they are mixed with some garden sand. Some gardeners recommend that the herb seeds have a cold treatment before germinating. If starting the seeds indoors, freeze the herb seeds for several weeks before sowing the Stinging Nettle seeds. Cover the starter trays or pots with a plastic dome or plastic wrap to help keep the moisture high. Once the seedlings are 3 - 4 inches in height, transplant them to the herb garden. Or directly sow the Stinging Nettle seeds outdoors in the late fall so that the herb seeds can freeze through the winter. The plants can be invasive, so it is best to contain it to an area and not let it go to seed. Always wear gloves when working with the plant.