Putting Green Glossary

Ace
Putting the ball in the hole in one stroke. A hole in one.

Address
The position taken by the golfer over the ball in preparation to swing.

Break
The curve the ball makes as it rolls toward the hole on the green. Also is a reference to the slope of the green.

Bunker
Also knownas a "sand trap" - a sand filled valley on the green. Considered a "hazard".

Chip
A short, low-altitude shot taken on or near the green.

Divot
A chunk of the grass taken up by the club on the stroke. Should be replaced after swing.

Dogleg
A left or right turn in the fairway that is usually a blind turn.

Drive
The longest distance stroke in golf. A shot from the tee box.

Driver
A 1-wood, used to get the maximum distance out of a shot.

Fairway
The area between the tee and the green on a golf course.

Green
The area nearest the hole where the grass is cut the shortest.

Hazard
An obstacle on the course such as water, the rough, or a sand trap.

Iron
A club made of iron or steel. Irons are of different sizes and degrees of loft on their head faces to get different heights on differing shots.

Line
The path the ball takes, whether on the green or the fairway.

Loft Angle
The angle of the club's face. The wider or more "open" the face, the higher the ball will be lofted on contact . . . and the higher the number of the club.

Mulligan
A shot taken if the first one is missed. Mulligans are used sometimes in informal play, but are not allowed under the rules of golf.

Par
The number of strokes that a player should take to complete the hole.

Pitching
A short shot pulling the ball into the air in a sharp arc.

Putt
Hitting the ball on the green so that it rolls into the hole.

Putter
A short club with a flat face designed to roll the ball along the ground when hit.

Range
A place on the course to practice driving and fairway shots. Sometimes there is an area for pitches and sand-shot practice.

Rough
Area of the course that has long grass alongside the fairways. Considered a hazard.

Stroke
Swinging at the ball in an attempt to hit it. Each stroke counts when keeping score.

Tee
A small wooden stand that the ball is placed on. The ball is driven off the tee in the first drive of the hole being played. Every other stroke is played where the ball lies.

Tee Box
A flat area on the course usually marked with stakes where the initial drive or longest shot is made.

Wedge
A club used to give the ball maximum loft.

Wood
Clubs made of wood. They are made in varying sizes and thicknesses for different ways of hitting the ball.