- Season: Perennial
- USDA Zones: 4 - 9
- Height: 20 - 40 inches
- Bloom Season: Mid summer
- Bloom Color: Pink
- Environment: Full sun to partial shade
- Soil Type: Rich, moist, well-drained soil
- Temperature: 65F - 75F
- Average Germ Time: 7 - 21 days
- Light Required: Yes
- Depth: 1/8th inch
- Sowing Rate: 8 - 10 seeds per plant
- Moisture: Keep seeds moist until germination
- Plant Spacing: 18 - 36 inches
Valerian (Valeriana Officinalis) - Start Valerian seeds and grow this well-known herb plant. Valerian is highly prized as a medicinal herb. It is a hardy perennial with a history of use dating back to the 16th century. It is very ornamental with fern-like foliage and pink flower heads that attract butterflies. The Valerian herb is also referred to as All Heal and Garden Heliotrope. Valerian plants are an attractive addition to the herb garden, and cats love the herb too. Sometimes, the plants need some protection from cats who might do damage.
The Valerian root is what is harvested for medicinal use. Valerian has been called nature's tranquilizer. It is used to soothe anxiety, relieve pain, and calm minds that cannot fall asleep. In many parts of the world, Valerian root is the standard care for stress and relaxation. It is considered to be very sedating.
How To Grow Valerian From Herb Seeds: Plant Valerian seeds directly outdoors in the spring. Lightly cover the herb seeds with soil and keep moist. The Valerian seedlings are fairly frost tolerant. Start with a prepared seed bed that is weed free and has organic matter worked in. The location should be in full sun to partial shade. Valerian herb plants prefer moist conditions, so provide the equivalent of 1 to 2 inches of rainfall each week. The plant will need nitrogen throughout the growing season. If you are growing Valerian herb plants for the root, cut the flower stalks when they appear. This will direct energy to the roots. Wait until the second year to harvest and dry the roots. Valerian will self-sow. Cut the spent flower heads to prevent re-seeding.