Berseem Clover Seeds
WHAT IS FROSTY BERSEEM?
Berseem Clover (Trifolium Alexandrinum) - Frosty represents a huge breakthrough in cold tolerance for berseem clover. Historically the usage of berseem clover has been extremely limited due to its frost intolerance. A light frost could quickly kill the stand, requiring early summer planting in the north and very limited range in the southern United States. Frosty berseem has been documented to survive cold temperatures down to 5 degrees Farenheit! Berseem clovers produce an annual clover that is fast growing and has quick recovery; however, it is not a clover that will reseed itself so it needs to be sown every year.
HOW CAN IT BE USED?
Hay Plantings - In the south, this extends the range of usage on fall plantings in to Tennessee and Southern Missouri. By fall planting instead of spring you can get at least one additional forage cutting. That can translate to more than $200 per acre in extra revenue.
In the north you can plant up to a month earlier than traditional berseem clover. As berseem greatly resembles alfalfa in appearance and quality, you can utilize Frosty to seed into winterkilled areas in your alfalfa hay fields or fill in declining stands. You can also utilize Frosty berseem clover as a nurse crop for spring plantings. Research has shown that by adding 5 lbs of berseem clover to your spring alfalfa can increase yield and quality up to 25%!
Pasture Usage - Frosty berseem clover has been shown to not cause bloat when directly grazed. Recently Mississippi State University analyzed daily live weight gains on cattle grazing with straight Frosty berseem, Frosty plus annual ryegrass, and straight annual ryegrass. That research will be presented shortly. Already noted was that Frosty increased nitrogen in the soil and subsequent plantings of sorghum-sudan showed increased vigor and productivity due to the nitrogen created by Frosty in the soil.
Emergency Forage - Frosty berseem clover is quick to establish, non-bloating, and has a forage quality similar to alfalfa. In short-term applications, Frosty can out-yield alfalfa by 25% in a one-year rotation. Frosty berseem clover is the perfect product for your short-term pasture needs.
Wildlife Plots - Frosty berseem clover establishes quickly, immediately drawing deer and other wildlife to it. In research conducted at the Mississippi Deer Lab, Frosty berseem was preferred by deer over all other clover varieties. Frosty is recommended for deer plot mixes in the southern U.S. and will provide forage thru April in most areas, improving the health of wildlife. Mississippi State forage team states that the healthier the birth the healthier the offspring, which promote a larger deer size later in life. Frosty's nutritional qualities contribute to a larger deer size!
Cover Crops - Frosty berseem clover is excellent for cover crop usage in the South. The early season biomass production makes it the ideal legume for cotton and corn rotations. Frosty can contribute as much as 100 lbs of nitrogen per acre by early March. Not only are you improving the soil, but the nitrogen benefit offsets the seeding costs!
Final Thoughts - Berseem clover seeds have been long used in the South for forage. Berseem forage contains from 18 to 28 percent crude protein, which is very comparable with alfalfa. It is also gaining great popularity in the midwest as a cover crop. Berseem has tremendous potential for providing high quality forage and improving soil conditions as a green manure crop because of its fast growth characteristics and capacity to fix nitrogen. Although Berseem grows in a variety of soils, medium-loam soils that are slightly alkaline will produce the best crop. It is moderately resistant to saline conditions and appears superior to alfalfa and red clover in salt tolerance.
Seeding - Berseem looks much like alfalfa and Berseem plants usually grow 20 to 30 inches tall. Berseem clover seeds will establish the best on a firm, well-prepared seedbed. Try to cover the seed 1/4 of an inch or cultipack prepared seedbeds to press the seed into the soil surface and to conserve moisture. The recommended seeding rate for Berseem clover seed is 15 - 20 pounds per acre.