Yucca - Red
USDA Zones: 5 - 10
Height: 36 - 60 inches
Bloom Season: Spring through Fall
Bloom Color: Red
Environment: Full sun to partial shade
Soil Type: Sandy, well-drained soils
Deer Resistant: Yes
Latin Name: Hesperaloe parviflora
Temperature: 55F - 70F
Average Germ Time: Some seeds will germinate within a week, others will take 4 - 6 weeks
Light Required: Yes
Depth: Press seeds onto the soil surface without covering them
Sowing Rate: 2 seeds per plant
Moisture: Keep seeds moist until germination
Plant Spacing: 48 - 60 inches
Red Yucca (Hesperaloe parviflora) - Red yucca, a versatile and tough native Texas succulent, was named the newest Texas Superstar plant. Red Yucca is a member of the century plant family and is native to the deserts of Texas and northeastern Mexico. It is also called: coral yucca, hummingbird yucca, pink yucca, soft-tip yucca, samadoque and redflower false yucca. Plant leaves are thicker than those of other yuccas, but more sword-shaped than aloe. Red yuccas’ dark green leaves arise from a slowly suckering clump forming a cluster of rosettes. Flowers are typically 4 - 5 inch pale pink spikes or narrow sparsely branched panicles of coral or salmon-pink. Rarely they are red or yellow, 1 - 2 inch tubular flowers with trumpet-shaped flared tips. They will often flower multiple times during the growing season.
It thrives in hot, dry desert conditions and is easily grown in well-drained sand, loam, caliche, and limestone soils. Red yucca is a sun-loving plant, but can survive in partial shade, though blooms will be reduced. The native plant resembles a cross between other common spine-pointed yuccas and aloe. Superior soil drainage is essential to growing this plant. It is heat and drought tolerant and is a favorite of hummingbirds with its red, tubular flowers. Use this plant in rock gardens and desert gardens. It can also be planted in large containers. They are also excellent pollinator support plants and an attractive addition to any pollinator garden.
In cooler winter climates, flowering occurs during the summer into fall but in warm winter climates, flowering will occur nearly year-round. The arching narrow green leaves are evergreen and attractive with fine, curling threads on the margins. Plants are very drought and heat tolerant once established. They also perform well in low fertility locations but will grow more vigorously where adequate nutrients are available.
It is an obvious choice for rock gardens and xeriscape landscaping. Red yucca makes a nice accent or small-scale groundcover beneath mesquite, paloverde or other trees with light filtered shade. The lack of sharp points on the leaves, hence its alternate name of soft-leaf yucca, makes red yucca suitable for use where pedestrian traffic may contact it.