Mugwort Herb Seeds For Planting - Artemisia Vulgaris

Mugwort Seeds

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Mugwort (Artemisia Vulgaris) - This hardy, perennial, drought tolerant herb is grown from Mugwort seeds. Throughout history it has been used as a medicinal herb in both Europe and Asia. It is also referred to as Common Mugwort, Cronewort and Moxa. The Mugwort drought resistant plant is shrub-like and many herb gardeners grow it as a hedge.

MORE ARTEMISIA OPTIONS

Mugwort seeds Tarragon seeds Wormwood seeds Sweet wormwood seeds
ABOUT
VIDEOS

Herb Specifications

SEASON

Perennial

USDA ZONES

3 - 8

HEIGHT

40 - 60 inches

BLOOM SEASON

Late summer to mid fall

BLOOM COLOR

None

ENVIRONMENT

Full sun to partial shade

SOIL TYPE

Poor, sandy, well-drained soils

DEER RESISTANT

Yes

LATIN NAME

Artemisia Vulgaris

Planting Directions

TEMPERATURE

41F Max

AVERAGE GERM TIME

28 - 90 days

LIGHT REQUIRED

Yes

DEPTH

Surface sow seeds

SOWING RATE

15 - 20 seeds per plant

MOISTURE

Keep seeds moist until germination

PLANT SPACING

24 - 36 inches

Mugwort (Artemisia Vulgaris) - This hardy, perennial, drough tolerant herb is grown from Mugwort seeds. Throughout history it has been used as a medicinal herb in both Europe and Asia. It is also referred to as Common Mugwort, Cronewort and Moxa. The Mugwort herb plant is shrub-like and many herb gardeners grow it as a hedge. It is considered ornamental with late-summer flower clusters and attractive foliage.

Culinary uses

As a culinary herb, the leaves have a pleasant bitter taste and are used for flavoring and as a tea. Common Mugwort will grow nearly anywhere, and it is often seen growing along roadsides and in waste areas.

mugwort plant

Herb seed | mugwort

How to grow

How To Grow Mugwort From Seed: Mugwort seeds germinate best with a cold treatment. Some herb gardeners will sow the herb seeds directly out in the garden in the late fall for germination the next spring. Others with mix the herb seeds with dampened peat moss and place the Mugwort seeds/peat moss mixture in the refrigerator for 2 to 4 weeks before planting.

  • Sowing Rate: 15 - 20 seeds per plant
  • Average Germ Time: 28 - 90 days
  • Keep moist until germination
  • Attracts birds and butterflies
  • Depth: Surface sow
artemisia seeds

Plant Specifications

The Mugwort herb plant can be invasive. It spreads by underground rhizomes and by re-seeding. Deadheading the flower clusters before they go to seed is helpful in controlling the spread.

  • Height: 40 - 60 inches
  • USDA Zones: 3 - 8
  • Season: Perennial
  • Deer Resistant: Yes
  • Drought Tolerant: Yes


ABOUT
FAQ’s
VIDEOS

Herb Specifications

SEASON

Perennial

USDA ZONES

4 - 9

HEIGHT

48 - 60 inches

BLOOM SEASON

Mid fall to early winter

BLOOM COLOR

Yellowish

ENVIRONMENT

Full sun to partial shade

SOIL TYPE

Poor, dry, rocky, gravelly, sandy soils

DEER RESISTANT

Yes

LATIN NAME

Artemisia Dracunculus

Planting Directions

TEMPERATURE

60 - 70F

AVERAGE GERM TIME

14 - 60 days

LIGHT REQUIRED

No

DEPTH

1/8 inch deep and cover with fine soil, well pressed down

SOWING RATE

15 - 20 seeds per plant

MOISTURE

Keep seeds moist until germination

PLANT SPACING

18 - 24 inches

Tarragon (Artemisia Dracunculus) - Known as Little Dragon, this perennial grows from Tarragon seeds and it thrives in hot, barren soils making it very drought tolerant. Tarragon Little Dragon is a tough herb plant. It is native to northwestern United States, Russia and Asia, and it is closely related to sagebrush. It is both a medicinal herb as well as a popular culinary herb. Tarragon plants can reach 60 inches in height, and they have thin, blade-like leaves that are wonderfully aromatic with a sweet anise-like flavor. In late summer, Tarragon produces white, rather droopy flowers.

Tarragon is highly used in French cooking. It flavors vinegar, fish, meats, vegetables, cheese and sauces. The leaves can be used in cooking both fresh and dried. Medically, Tarragon herb is used in teas to stimulate digestion and ease intestinal distension.  Great for xeriscape herb gardens.

How To Grow Tarragon From Herb Seeds: It is recommended to start Tarragon seeds indoors 6 to 8 weeks before the last frost. Press the herb seeds into the soil and lightly cover with soil. Transplant the young herb plants outdoors after temperatures warm up. Tarragon herb plants prefer sunshine and sharply draining soils that are sandy or rocky which is great for water conservation. Once established, Tarragon plants require little care and are drought resistant. Keep the soil on the dry side. Harvest the Tarragon leaves and flowers throughout the summer. Dry or freeze for long-term use.

Common Questions

Q

Which herbs can thrive in the kitchen?

A

Not all herbs are suitable for indoor growth. Herbs with woody, bushy growth, like rosemary are too large for indoor herb gardens. Consider other more suitable herbs for an indoor kitchen garden, such as chives, oregano, thyme, dill, mint, basil, cilantro, sage and savory. Each herb has specific growing needs, so ensure to provide the right amount of light, humidity, and air circulation. If using a single large container, ensure that all plants require similar amounts of sunlight and water. For instance, chives and cilantro may not need as much sunlight as dill and oregano.

Q

What are good companion plants for herb gardens?

A

Pairing herbs based on watering requirements, like planting lavender with thyme or basil with chives, is ideal for maintaining the health of both plants. Avoid companion planting with catnip, lemon balm and mint as they should be grown in separate pots due to their rapid spreading nature that can overtake other plants in your indoor herb garden.

Q

When do I establish an indoor herb garden?

A

Create a kitchen herb garden by propagating cuttings from your outdoor plants as the weather cools in the fall. If you opt to sow your indoor herb garden from purchased seeds, begin a few weeks before the anticipated first frost of the season. Most herbs can be harvested within a few weeks, so there is no need to plant too far in advance.

Q

Do kitchen herbs need full sun?

A

Most herbs need 6 hours of sunlight a day to thrive. If you do not have this type of light available in your kitchen, consider a grow light that will run 14-16 hours per day 6 to 12 inches above your plants. NOTE: Rotate herbs periodically when grown in windows to let each part of the plant receive sunlight.

Q

What time of year should you plant herbs?

A

Herbs grown in indoor gardens can be planted any time of year. Many gardeners prefer to grow their herbs outdoors during the summer growing season, and then move them to their indoor garden before the first frost of fall. If you prefer to start your seeds outdoors, you will need to wait until after danger of frost in the spring or start your seeds indoors 6 -8 weeks before last frost and transplant in your garden after danger of frost.

Q

Do herbs come back every year?

A

Perennial herbs will come back each year when planted in the correct zone or grown indoors during the cold winter months. Popular perennial herbs are oregano, parsley, sage, fennel, chives, lavender, thyme and mint varieties.

Q

How do I know when my herbs need watered?

A

Allow the soil to dry out just slightly before watering your herbs again. Give your indoor herb garden a dose of diluted water-soluble fertilizer every 2 weeks or so. Too much food will compromise the taste of the herbs. It is also beneficial to provide adequate humidity. If the indoor air is especially dry – which is often the case in regions with cold winters. Set the herbs pots on trays of stones. Fill the trays with water but keep the level below the drainage holes of your pots.

Q

When do I water my outdoor herb garden?

A

Different herb plants will need different amounts of water so keep this in mind when planting your garden and keep similar plants together to simplify watering. Watering is best done in the early morning hours when temperatures are cooler. Many herbs are hardy. They can tolerate soil that is moderately dry. You want to keep an eye out for wilting when the soil is wet. Ideally, your herbs should make quick use of the water you give them. Saturated soil is not what you are after. Pay close attention to the coloration of the leaves on your herbs. Yellow leaves can be a sign of too much water, and so can black leaves. If you spot any mildew or fuzz on the herbs, too much moisture can be the problem.

Q

How do I harvest my herbs?

A

Trim back flowering sections before they bloom for healthier leaves. Prune new growth on young plants weekly to encourage a fuller mature plant. Snip herbs for harvest when they are just a few inches tall. Pruning back the herbs often means a larger, longer harvest. Cut the new growth back at least one per week, even if you are not using the herbs in recipes (see drying and freezing page if you do not want to waste your harvest). Long stems that are about to set flower buds should be trimmed off as they appear.

Q

What do I need to start an indoor herb garden?

A

Common tools needed for an indoor herb garden are: garden trowel, scissors for snipping, stones (optional). Materials for your herbs plants include seed, pots, potting soil, cactus potting soil (optional), pots or trays, fertilizer and a grow light if you do not have adequate sunlight of at least 6 hours per day for your plants.

Q

How do I prepare my containers for planting?

A

Choose large, deep containers with drainage holes to accommodate fast-growing herbs. Fill the container with potting mix leaving about ½ inch clear at the top. Use standard commercial potting soil for most herbs but blend in cactus potting mix for herbs native to the Mediterranean, such as thyme and oregano which prefer dryer soils.

Q

Can I put my indoor herb containers outside?

A

Yes! Move your potted herbs to the patio or deck when the weather warms in the spring and for a boost of sunshine.

Q

How do I know when my herbs need larger containers?

A

When roots begin to emerge through the drainage holes of its container, it is time to repot the herbs. Replace the potting mix; the organic material in the potting mix breaks down over time. Remove any plants with woody or thickened stems and replace them with new seeds or seedlings.

Q

Do herbs need fertilizer?

A

The short answer is yes. However, not all herbs have the same fertilizer needs. Herbs roughly fall into two groups. 1. Slow-growing herbs with small leaves or needles and fibrous, woody stems that are native to the mediterranean where they grow culinary lavender, month, marjoram, oregano, rosemary, sage, savory, tarragon and thyme. 2. Fast-growing herbs with larger, thinner leaves. These can be annuals such as basil, borage, cilantro, chervil and dill; bi-annual herbs such as parsley or perennials such as chives. Herbs in the first group generally need less fertilizer than herbs in the second group.

Q

What type of nutrients do herbs need?

A

Start out by planting herbs in healthy soil rich in organic matter. In addition, they will benefit from an organic complete, slow-release fertilizer containing equal amounts of macronutrients nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. A slow-release fertilizer is especially important if your garden has sandy soil because nutrients wash out quickly. To give fast-growing herbs that you harvest often an extra boost, you can also apply fish emulsion, an organic fertilizer that is high in nitrogen, with an NPK ratio of 4-1-1 or 5-1-1.

Q

How often should I fertilize my herbs?

A

The frequency of fertilization follows the growth pattern of the herbs. In soil of average fertility, it is usually sufficient to apply a balanced fertilizer in the spring when they break dormancy, or when the new growing season starts. For other herbs, a light monthly application of a slow-release complete fertilizer should be enough – unless the leaves start to look yellow, which may be a sign of nitrogen deficiency. In that case, applying fish emulsion is a quick fix but before you reach for the fertilizer bottle, rule out that the yellowing of leaves is not caused by something else.

Q

How do I fertilize my herbs in a container?

A

Herbs grown in containers need fertilizer applications more often, because with frequent watering that container plants require, the fertilizer in the potting mix washes out more quickly. Just as with sandy soil, it is important to use slow-release fertilizer. The roots of container plants are in a confined space, unlike herbs grown in the garden or raised beds, which can lead to over fertilization if you are not careful. Organic fertilizers are recommended over synthetic which often contain a high level of salts that can build up in the container over time. To prevent this, it is best to use half the strength of the fertilizer amount specified on the label for any type of fertilizer.

Q

Is it possible to overfertilize herbs?

A

Adding too much fertilizer to herbs usually leads to an excess of nitrogen, which has undesirable results especially for slow-growing herbs. For basil and other thin-leaved herbs, the fast leaf growth induced by nitrogen is fine because you want your plants to be lush. For rosemary and other Mediterranean herbs however, rapid growth means that there is less concentration of essential oils causing the herbs to become less aromatic and have weaker flavor.

Q

How do I prepare garden soil before planting an herb garden?

A

Once you have picked the location for growing your herb garden, you will need to prepare the soil. If the soil is sandy or clay heavy, add plenty of compost. Even if your soil is in pretty good condition, working some compost into the soil will help provide nutrients to the herbs while they are growing.

Q

Can I harvest my herbs too often?

A

Many times, when a new gardener is starting an herb garden, they are afraid that harvesting the herbs frequently will hurt them. The opposite is true. Frequent harvesting of herbs will result in the herb plant producing more and more foliage, which increases the amount you are able to harvest. At the end of the season, you can dry or freeze your herb harvest to enjoy home grown herbs all year long.

Q

I don’t have a good sunny spot outdoors for my herb garden, what can I do?

A

If your yard is mostly shaded, there is not much you can do to change that, but you can pick shade friendly herbs. Parsley, sweet woodruff and mint are good examples of herbs that don’t require as much light. If you are growing plants in low light, manage your expectations. Your herbs will grow but will be slow and results less impressive.

Q

My container soil is staying wet, what do I do?

A

Choose a container that allow for water to drain. If you over water or if it rains too much a good pot will allow the water to flow to the bottom without soaking and rotting the roots of your plants. You can use rocks or pottery shards to fill the bottom of the container to help with drainage. This applies outdoors too. If your herbs constantly have wet feet, they won’t thrive. Either plan when planting your garden and add some sand for drainage or pick plants that don’t mind wet roots as much.

Q

My herbs plants are going to seed, why?

A

The short answer is you are not pruning enough. To prevent rapid growth and encourage a bushy habit, be sure to prune your herb plants regularly. The more you pick off your stems and leaves the longer your herb plant will remain in its production cycle. If you start to see flower heads, snip them right away. When you fail to cut back the plant, it is likely to go to seed and complete its lifecycle. Once that happens, many plants die back. Keep cutting and pinching back flowers to prevent this from happening.

Q

Should I throw away my seeds on their expiration date?

A

Seeds do not have an expiration date, rather they are a sell by date just like food. The dates on seed packages are guidelines to help you know when your seeds are getting old, but it does not mean you need to toss them. Every plant is different. Some seeds last longer than others. Most seeds, if kept cool and dry, will last 2 – 3 years. If you are unsure test them out by growing microgreens.

ABOUT
VIDEOS

Herb Specifications

SEASON

Perennial

USDA ZONES

3 - 8

HEIGHT

24 - 36 inches

BLOOM SEASON

Mid summer to early fall

BLOOM COLOR

Yellow

ENVIRONMENT

Full sun to partial shade

SOIL TYPE

Poor, sandy, well-drained soils

DEER RESISTANT

Yes

LATIN NAME

Artemisia Absinthium

Planting Directions

TEMPERATURE

68F

AVERAGE GERM TIME

14 - 30 days

LIGHT REQUIRED

Yes

DEPTH

Surface sow seeds

SOWING RATE

10 - 12 seeds per plant

MOISTURE

Keep seeds moist until germination

PLANT SPACING

18 - 24 inches

Wormwood (Artemisia Absinthium) - Start Wormwood seeds for an attractive addition to the xeriscape herb garden! It has finely-divided foliage that is gray-green in color and aromatic. In mid-summer, it produces many yellow flowers. Wormwood herb plants have a long history as a medicinal herb with use dating all the way back to the ancient Egyptians. They used Wormwood to rid the body of worms. It is still used to stimulate and aid in digestion. Other uses include being used as a moth repellant and a general pesticide. The Wormwood herb is also referred to as Grand Wormwood and Absinthe Wormwood.

It is a hardy, drought resistant herb plant that tolerates cold temperatures and poor soils. It thrives in partial shade during the hottest part of the day. Care must be taken to give it plenty of space from other herbs in the garden. Wormwood contains a chemical, absinthin, that can be toxic to other plants. For this reason, many herb gardeners prefer to grow it in a container. Water only when the soil has dried out. Cut back the dead foliage each spring to revive it and encourage fresh growth.

How To Grow Wormwood From Herb Seeds: Start Wormwood seeds indoors 10 to 12 weeks before time to transplant outdoors. The herb seeds can be pressed into the soil but not covered. Place the starter tray in plastic to help seal the moisture in and keep the tray in a well lit area but out of direct sunlight. Watch for seedlings to emerge and remove them from under the plastic. Grow the seedlings in a sunny window, harden the seedlings for 10 to 14 days before transplanting. Harvesting Wormwood is usually done in mid-summer. When the plants are fully flowering, pick the upper portions of the stalks. Tie the stalks together and hang them upside down in a dark well-ventilated place. When the stalks are dried, store in an air-tight container in a dark place.

ABOUT
VIDEOS

Herb Specifications

SEASON

Annual

USDA ZONES

3 - 9

HEIGHT

48 - 72 inches

BLOOM SEASON

Late summer

BLOOM COLOR

Green

ENVIRONMENT

Full sun to partial shade

SOIL TYPE

Well drained, but will grow in poor quality soils

DEER RESISTANT

Yes

LATIN NAME

Artemisia Annua

Planting Directions

TEMPERATURE

75F

AVERAGE GERM TIME

10 - 21 days

LIGHT REQUIRED

Yes

DEPTH

Surface sow and press seed in to soil

SOWING RATE

2 - 3 seeds per plant

MOISTURE

Keep seeds moist until germination

PLANT SPACING

24 - 36 inches

Sweet Wormwood (Artemisia Annua) - Tall plants have fern-like, dark-green foliage dotted with tiny cream-yellow colored flowers. Use foliage for wreaths and as filler for mixed bouquets. Also known as sweet sagewort, sweet annie, huang hua hao, qing hao, and Chinese woodworm. Plants are resistant to drought.

Sweet Annie is a sun lover and adaptable to many soil types. It needs only average moisture and will grow even under quite dry conditions making the plants good for xeriscaping where drought tolerance is needed.. It usually flowers between August and September. The flowers are tiny and olive green and can't really be seen unless you look hard. However Sweet Annie is mostly grown for the lovely aromatic scent of the foliage which can fill the whole garden when the breeze rustles it branches.

With sweetly fragrant foliage it has a wide variety of uses both medicinal and for handcrafting but is most often grown for fresh and dried cut flower arrangements and for wreath making. Sweet Annie has been used for centuries in its dried form in wreaths and other aroma projects. It is one of the best natural air fresheners around. Just wave a sprig of Sweet Annie in the air and it freshens the whole area. The plant, once dried holds both the color and fragrance very well and will last for years. The stems have scent which releases even more when waved around a quick burst of scent is quickly noticed. Sweet Annie is one of those things that once you’ve grown it in the herb garden, you just don’t ever want to be without.

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